American crows and common ravens are quite common across North America. If you like to watch birds, you suddenly start to ID them as soon as something flies by. Both crow and raven are large birds, and they are black, almost identical to one another.
They both have such a common appearance that many people cannot even differentiate between them. If you know what to look for, you can easily tell the difference. So, all you birders out there, this guide will allow you to identify raven vs. crow easily.
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Raven vs. crow
At first, they both might seem identical to their behaviors and various field marks. The reason why most people fail to properly ID them is that they are commonly found in the same region. Ravens frequently move in pairs while crows flock in groups (murder of crows). Ravens and a Red-Tailed Hawk are about the same size.
Both crow and raven love to be around humans while maintaining a safe distance. They both are opportunists and can sink their beaks into basically anything they can find. It is one reason why they are so fluently found throughout the North American continent.
Size is the most common factor in judging the difference between crow and raven. Ravens are larger than crows and the raven tail maintains a wedged shape. On the other hand, a crow is smaller but has a longer tail, and it spreads like a fan during the flight. The difference between them both is quite visible if you see them more closely, and you can tell if it is a crow or raven.
In the following content, we will explore some more characteristics to find out what is the difference between a raven and a crow.
Songs and sounds
To begin solving the puzzle of finding the difference between a crow and a raven, let’s have a look at their sounds and call. The typical sound of an American crow has that craw-craw call, which is quite a familiar sound. They have far more evenly pitched syllables if you compare the call with that of a raven’s.
On the other hand, a raven has a much coarser sound with a rattling call that sounds something like gronk-gronk but with a much slower croaking tone.
Both these birds have different vocabularies, but the general pattern of their sounds and calls follow the syllables that we have described above. You can say that crows sound more purr and caw while ravens scream and croak. There is quite a noticeable difference between the two when they open their beaks.
Another easy thing that you can notice to solve the mystery of crow versus raven is that when a crow starts making a sound, usually the group members also join in. However, you will hear the croaking sound of a raven alone and not in groups. Their sounds are very easy to distinguish from one another.
Size and shape
The second important thing in this crow raven difference is shape and size. The overall size is one of the simplest aspects to differentiate a raven from a crow. An American crow is about 19-inch in size, and it is smaller than a common raven. Its body is a lot more cylindrical, and it has a long tail that opens up like a fan when the bird is in flight. The beak of this bird is very cylindrical in shape, and it’s very pointy.
A common raven can grow roughly up to 25-inch in size. That is about the size of your Red-Tailed Hawk. Its body is much bulkier if you compare it with a crow, and its tail remains in a wedge-shaped. The body of this bird is bulkier if you compare it with an American crow. The beak of this bird is thicker at the top, and it closes down at the tip. It is heavier than a crow’s beak and looks pretty sharp too. A crow’s beak looks far more delicate than a raven’s.
Upon first look, you will see that a raven’s throat is broader than a crow’s because it has more shaggy hairs on it. In-flight, ravens look like more a small hawk because it soars whereas crows fly by flapping their wings a lot.
Color patterns and variations
When it comes to color patterns and various other variations in looks, both crows and ravens don’t offer much. They both are black in color with their legs and beaks. There is a slight hint of grey and brown when you see a raven in direct sunlight. Their legs also seem a bit slightly off-color but still in the tone of black.
Crows are entirely black, including their legs and beaks. Crow feathers have a slight gray hint in them when they are molting. You can see a hint of green and purple, but that is only the reflection of light and nothing more as the feathers are new. You might notice different colors and patterns on other crows from different families and regions. Still, an American crow is entirely black, and there are no patterns on these birds. It is one of the reasons why people end up confusing ravens and crows because they have the same looks.
There is not much to identify and differentiate between the two when it comes to the color patterns and variations. It is because there is not much on the offer here. It is much more about shape and size because these are the traits that allow a border to differentiate crow vs. raven.
American crows are far more social birds if you compare them with a common raven. You will always find them in groups. They like to interact with each other in large groups. They roost and forge in numbers, and stay together in family groups year-around.
Their family group may include the breeding couple and their offspring from the past two years. The entire family collaborates to raise the young. They can work together and find a solution to their problems. American crows understand mobbing, and they use this strategy to drive away their predators.
Ravens are extremely cunning, playful, and bold. They are always up to something, but they are less gregarious if you compare them with crows. You will only see them in pairs that live and stay together around the year. But they gather in numbers around a landfill or a circus. Large groups of the raven are their young ones who still need to pair.
Ravens have a swagger in their walk, and raven flying is a far more graceful sight than crows in their flight. Crow flying involves more wing flapping but silent. They are known to raid other nests as well, and they like to devise plans to solve their problems. These birds are more aerobatic in their flight as well. They are known for their dives, rolls, and catching twigs midair after dropping them.
You can notice from their behavior, both ravens and crows are extremely intelligent, and they know how to work things out. Crows are more social than ravens, while ravens are more cunning and more fun-loving in nature.
Ravens are more commonly found in the Northern hemisphere. However, these regions don’t include the wide-open Great Plains or the eastern forests. You can easily find them in grasslands, beaches, forests, islands, sagebrush, deserts, mountains, tundra, ice floes, and agricultural fields. They are happy to live near human habitations, which include rural settlements, farms and isolated houses. However, in larger or more urban towns, you will find the American crows instead of the common ravens.
Whereas, American crows are highly adaptable. They can live and thrive in any place where there are trees, and a reliable food source is available. They can survive in natural as well as human-created habitats. However, they do avoid deserts because they specifically focus on the areas where they can find trees to perch in. They also stay away from the forests with unbroken expanses.
It is exactly why both these birds can thrive in any environment. The birds are highly adaptive, and there are not many regions that do not fall into the habitat for these extremely intelligent creatures. Nevertheless, ravens are not very common in urban settlements where you will find crows and crows look to avoid deserts where ravens can thrive. So you will find both these birds in almost any settlement with a few exceptions for both.
Tips for field identification
When you see an all-black bird out there in the field, identifying the correct species can be very difficult. A casual look is not good enough to solve the puzzle either. It is especially the case if you live in an area where their habitats overlap.
However, a closer look will provide you with several differences. You can look at the behavior of a bird and focus on the clues. If it is flying, then you need to pay attention to the shape and size of the wings as well as the flight pattern.
If the bird is perching, then listen to its calls. You can also notice the body shape and size. If you see them both together, there you can easily identify them by their size difference. When you see more of these birds, you will be able to easily distinguish between them. You can also judge by the area you are living in and whether it falls in the habitat of a black crow or a raven.
In conclusion, you can tell the difference between a raven and a crow by the regions in which you are living. You can see whether it falls under the habitat of a crow or a raven.
Moreover, when a bird is perching, you can notice the calls of that bird. If it resembles gronk-gronk, then a raven is croaking, and if it is craw-craw, then it’s a crow. Ravens are larger in size, and they have a more graceful flight because they can soar and glide, but crows flap a lot.