Birds of Poland

Birding in Poland

Poland has become one of the top birding destinations in Europe and gained great popularity among birders. There are vast areas of still remarkably unspoilt landscape where birds find excellent conditions for living in natural habitats. The most famous are Biebrza Marshes and Bialowieza National Park but there are plenty of other great places to observe birds.

The Birds

A big variety of different species which have become scarce or almost extinct in Western Europe can still be seen in Poland. A number of around 440 bird species has been recorded here. To name just a few: Great Snipe, Aquatic Warbler, European woodpeckers, flycatchers, Hazelhen, Black Grouse, White-tailed Eagle, White Stork, geese, ducks, owls, waterfowls, waders, and many more. The best time to come and observe birds is spring: March, April and May.

The Full List of Bird Species in Poland

ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae
Graylag GooseAnser anser
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropus
Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalis
Tundra Bean-GooseAnser serrirostris
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchus
BrantBranta bernicla
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsis
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollis
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiaca
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Mandarin DuckAix galericulata
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyroca
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Steller’s EiderPolysticta stelleri
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Stejneger’s ScoterMelanitta stejnegeri
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Black ScoterMelanitta americana
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephala
  
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus
Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Western CapercaillieTetrao urogallus
Black GrouseTetrao tetrix
Hazel GrouseTetrastes bonasia
Willow PtarmiganLagopus lagopus
  
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae
Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
  
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae
Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis
  
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae
Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalis
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
  
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae
Pallas’s SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxus
  
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae
Great BustardOtis tarda
Macqueen’s BustardChlamydotis macqueenii
Little BustardTetrax tetrax
  
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae
Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Northern Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx hyperythrus
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
  
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
  
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae
Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
  
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Corn CrakeCrex crex
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Baillon’s CrakeZapornia pusilla
  
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae
Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgo
Common CraneGrus grus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae
Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae
Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregarius
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostris
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck’s StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird’s SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Little StintCalidris minuta
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollis
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Great SnipeGallinago media
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanni
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae
Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae
DovekieAlle alle
Common MurreUria aalge
Thick-billed MurreUria lomvia
RazorbillAlca torda
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Ivory GullPagophila eburnea
Sabine’s GullXema sabini
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Ross’s GullRhodostethia rosea
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin’s GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas’s GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Audouin’s GullIchthyaetus audouinii
Mew GullLarus canus
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
  
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae
Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Arctic LoonGavia arctica
Common LoonGavia immer
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsii
  
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae
Wilson’s Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
  
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Leach’s Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
  
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae
Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Cory’s ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna grisea
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicus
  
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae
Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia
  
SULIFORMES: Sulidae
Northern GannetMorus bassanus
  
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae
Pygmy CormorantMicrocarbo pygmaeus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
  
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae
Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispus
  
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae
Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
  
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
  
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae
OspreyPandion haliaetus
  
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae
Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Short-toed Snake-EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clanga
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Imperial EagleAquila heliaca
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourus
Montagu’s HarrierCircus pygargus
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Pallas’s Fish-EagleHaliaeetus leucoryphus
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
  
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae
Barn OwlTyto alba
  
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae
Eurasian Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Eurasian Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium passerinum
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Ural OwlStrix uralensis
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosa
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
  
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae
Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops
  
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae
Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis
  
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster
  
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae
European RollerCoracias garrulus
  
PICIFORMES: Picidae
Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Eurasian Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides tridactylus
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocoptes medius
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDryobates minor
Gray-headed WoodpeckerPicus canus
Eurasian Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
  
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae
Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinus
Eleonora’s FalconFalco eleonorae
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Saker FalconFalco cherrug
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae
Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae
Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Great Gray ShrikeLanius excubitor
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator
  
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae
Siberian JayPerisoreus infaustus
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactes
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Common RavenCorvus corax
  
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Marsh TitPoecile palustris
Willow TitPoecile montanus
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Azure TitCyanistes cyanus
Great TitParus major
  
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae
Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Black LarkMelanocorypha yeltoniensis
Lesser Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Wood LarkLullula arborea
White-winged LarkAlauda leucoptera
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
  
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae
Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae
Booted WarblerIduna caligata
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicola
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Blyth’s Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae
Pallas’s Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella certhiola
River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi’s WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia
  
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum
  
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Western Bonelli’s WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
Hume’s WarblerPhylloscopus humei
Pallas’s Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus proregulus
Radde’s WarblerPhylloscopus schwarzi
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatus
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericus
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae
Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae
Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae
GoldcrestRegulus regulus
Common FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla
  
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae
WallcreeperTichodroma muraria
  
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae
Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
  
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae
Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris
Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla
  
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae
Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes
  
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae
White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae
White’s ThrushZoothera aurea
Scaly ThrushZoothera dauma
Siberian ThrushGeokichla sibirica
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurus
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis
Red-throated ThrushTurdus ruficollis
Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomus
Naumann’s ThrushTurdus naumanni
  
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Rufous-tailed RobinLarvivora sibilans
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurus
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
White-crowned WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
  
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae
Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae
Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Siberian AccentorPrunella montanella
DunnockPrunella modularis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae
House SparrowPasser domesticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Rock SparrowPetronia petronia
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard’s PipitAnthus richardi
Blyth’s PipitAnthus godlewskii
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoni
Pechora PipitAnthus gustavi
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
Rock PipitAnthus petrosus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae
Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
TwiteLinaria flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetLinaria cannabina
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaret
Hoary RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Parrot CrossbillLoxia pytyopsittacus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Citril FinchCarduelis citrinella
European SerinSerinus serinus
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae
Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureola
Little BuntingEmberiza pusilla
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rustica
Yellow-browed BuntingEmberiza chrysophrys
  
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis

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