Birds of Middle East

Birding in Middle East

The Middle East lies at the juncture of Eurasia and Africa and of the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean. It is the birthplace and spiritual center of religions such as Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Manichaeism, Yezidi, Druze, Yarsan and Mandeanism, and in Iran, Mithraism, Zoroastrianism,Manicheanism, and the Bahá’í Faith. 

Throughout its history the Middle East has been a major center of world affairs; a strategically, economically, politically, culturally, and religiously sensitive area. There are 884 species of birds known to breed in the Middle 

East, which encompasses the states or territories of Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran, Israel, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, Jordan, Egypt, Sudan, Libya, and the various states and territories of Arabia proper.

The Birds

Twice a year, billions of birds migrate vast distances across the globe, typically following a predominantly north-south axis linking breeding grounds with non-breeding sites. 

The Middle Eastern region, located at the juncture of three continents, Europe, Asia and Africa, is a major bottleneck and bird corridor for many winged species, including the willow warbler, the barn swallow, the Amur falcon and Steppe eagles.

The Full List of Birds in Middle East

STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae
Common OstrichStruthio camelus
  
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Lesser Whistling-DuckDendrocygna javanica
Bar-headed GooseAnser indicus
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Graylag GooseAnser anser
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropus
Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalis
Tundra Bean-GooseAnser serrirostris
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchus
BrantBranta bernicla
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsis
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollis
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Knob-billed DuckSarkidiornis melanotos
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiaca
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Spur-winged GoosePlectropterus gambensis
Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
Cotton Pygmy-GooseNettapus coromandelianus
Ringed TealCallonetta leucophrys
Baikal TealSibirionetta formosa
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Falcated DuckMareca falcata
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
Indian Spot-billed DuckAnas poecilorhyncha
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Cape TealAnas capensis
Red-billed DuckAnas erythrorhyncha
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostris
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Southern PochardNetta erythrophthalma
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyroca
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephala
  
GALLIFORMES: Numididae
Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris
Vulturine GuineafowlAcryllium vulturinum
  
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae
See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularis
Sand PartridgeAmmoperdix heyi
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei
Rock PartridgeAlectoris graeca
ChukarAlectoris chukar
Philby’s PartridgeAlectoris philbyi
Arabian PartridgeAlectoris melanocephala
Barbary PartridgeAlectoris barbara
Caucasian SnowcockTetraogallus caucasicus
Caspian SnowcockTetraogallus caspius
Himalayan SnowcockTetraogallus himalayensis
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
Chinese FrancolinFrancolinus pintadeanus
Gray FrancolinFrancolinus pondicerianus
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus
Cheer PheasantCatreus wallichii
Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Black GrouseTetrao tetrix
Caucasian GrouseTetrao mlokosiewiczi
  
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae
Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoeniconaias minor
  
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae
Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis
  
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae
Rock PigeonColumba livia
Speckled PigeonColumba guinea
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Yellow-eyed PigeonColumba eversmanni
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
Rameron PigeonColumba arquatrix
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugens
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalis
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
African Collared-DoveStreptopelia roseogrisea
Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
Red Collared-DoveStreptopelia tranquebarica
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensis
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Black-billed Wood-DoveTurtur abyssinicus
Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistria
Namaqua DoveOena capensis
Zebra DoveGeopelia striata
Bruce’s Green-PigeonTreron waalia
  
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae
Pallas’s SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxus
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustus
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus
Lichtenstein’s SandgrousePterocles lichtensteinii
  
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae
Great BustardOtis tarda
Arabian BustardArdeotis arabs
Houbara BustardChlamydotis undulata
Macqueen’s BustardChlamydotis macqueenii
Little BustardTetrax tetrax
  
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae
Senegal CoucalCentropus senegalensis
White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus
Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Pied CuckooClamator jacobinus
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx caprius
Klaas’s CuckooChrysococcyx klaas
Plaintive CuckooCacomantis merulinus
Gray-bellied CuckooCacomantis passerinus
Common Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx varius
Himalayan CuckooCuculus saturatus
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatus
  
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae
Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollis
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius
Nubian NightjarCaprimulgus nubicus
Sykes’s NightjarCaprimulgus mahrattensis
Abyssinian NightjarCaprimulgus poliocephalus
Indian NightjarCaprimulgus asiaticus
Plain NightjarCaprimulgus inornatus
  
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae
Himalayan SwiftletAerodramus brevirostris
Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Plain SwiftApus unicolor
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Forbes-Watson’s SwiftApus berliozi
Pacific SwiftApus pacificus
Little SwiftApus affinis
White-rumped SwiftApus caffer
African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvus
  
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Corn CrakeCrex crex
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Lesser MoorhenParagallinula angulata
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata
Allen’s GallinulePorphyrio alleni
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica
African SwamphenPorphyrio madagascariensis
Gray-headed SwamphenPorphyrio poliocephalus
WatercockGallicrex cinerea
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
Striped CrakeAmaurornis marginalis
Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fusca
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Baillon’s CrakeZapornia pusilla
  
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae
Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgo
Siberian CraneLeucogeranus leucogeranus
Common CraneGrus grus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae
Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus
Indian Thick-kneeBurhinus indicus
Senegal Thick-kneeBurhinus senegalensis
Spotted Thick-kneeBurhinus capensis
Great Thick-kneeEsacus recurvirostris
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Pluvianidae
Egyptian PloverPluvianus aegyptius
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae
Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Blacksmith LapwingVanellus armatus
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
River LapwingVanellus duvaucelii
Black-headed LapwingVanellus tectus
Black-winged LapwingVanellus melanopterus
Gray-headed LapwingVanellus cinereus
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregarius
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Kittlitz’s PloverCharadrius pecuarius
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae
Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensis
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae
Pheasant-tailed JacanaHydrophasianus chirurgus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Little CurlewNumenius minutus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensis
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostris
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck’s StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird’s SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Little StintCalidris minuta
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollis
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Solitary SnipeGallinago solitaria
Great SnipeGallinago media
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenura
Swinhoe’s SnipeGallinago megala
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Wilson’s PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae
Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae
Crab-PloverDromas ardeola
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae
Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Bronze-winged CourserRhinoptilus chalcopterus
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanni
Small PratincoleGlareola lactea
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae
Great SkuaStercorarius skua
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormicki
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Sabine’s GullXema sabini
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Bonaparte’s GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Brown-headed GullChroicocephalus brunnicephalus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Franklin’s GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Relict GullIchthyaetus relictus
White-eyed GullIchthyaetus leucophthalmus
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichii
Pallas’s GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Audouin’s GullIchthyaetus audouinii
Mew GullLarus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostris
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Saunders’s TernSternula saundersi
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
River TernSterna aurantia
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Royal TernThalasseus maximus
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis
African SkimmerRynchops flavirostris
Indian SkimmerRynchops albicollis
  
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus
  
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae
Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Arctic LoonGavia arctica
Common LoonGavia immer
  
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae
White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cauta
  
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae
Wilson’s Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallaria
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropica
  
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Leach’s Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
Swinhoe’s Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhis
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro
Matsudaira’s Storm-PetrelOceanodroma matsudairae
  
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae
Fea’s PetrelPterodroma feae
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollis
Atlantic PetrelPterodroma incerta
Bulwer’s PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin’s PetrelBulweria fallax
Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrata
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelas
Cory’s ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipes
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravis
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna grisea
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Yelkouan ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouan
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicus
Subantarctic ShearwaterPuffinus elegans
Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroli
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni
Persian ShearwaterPuffinus persicus
  
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae
Black StorkCiconia nigra
Abdim’s StorkCiconia abdimii
Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus
White StorkCiconia ciconia
Marabou StorkLeptoptilos crumenifer
Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis
  
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
  
SULIFORMES: Sulidae
Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula
Northern GannetMorus bassanus
Cape GannetMorus capensis
  
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae
African DarterAnhinga rufa
Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogaster
  
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae
Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanus
Pygmy CormorantMicrocarbo pygmaeus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Socotra CormorantPhalacrocorax nigrogularis
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
  
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae
Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescens
Spot-billed PelicanPelecanus philippensis
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispus
  
PELECANIFORMES: Scopidae
HamerkopScopus umbretta
  
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae
Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
Dwarf BitternIxobrychus sturmii
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephala
Goliath HeronArdea goliath
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Indian Pond-HeronArdeola grayii
Chinese Pond-HeronArdeola bacchus
Madagascar Pond-HeronArdeola idae
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
  
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae
Scarlet IbisEudocimus ruber
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
Northern Bald IbisGeronticus eremita
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
African SpoonbillPlatalea alba
  
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae
OspreyPandion haliaetus
  
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae
Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
Scissor-tailed KiteChelictinia riocourii
Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotos
Hooded VultureNecrosyrtes monachus
White-rumped VultureGyps bengalensis
Rüppell’s GriffonGyps rueppelli
Himalayan GriffonGyps himalayensis
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatus
Short-toed Snake-EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clanga
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Imperial EagleAquila heliaca
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Verreaux’s EagleAquila verreauxii
Bonelli’s EagleAquila fasciata
Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabates
Eastern Chanting-GoshawkMelierax poliopterus
Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabar
White-eyed BuzzardButastur teesa
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Eastern Marsh-HarrierCircus spilonotus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourus
Montagu’s HarrierCircus pygargus
ShikraAccipiter badius
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Pallas’s Fish-EagleHaliaeetus leucoryphus
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Socotra BuzzardButeo socotraensis
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
Upland BuzzardButeo hemilasius
  
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae
Barn OwlTyto alba
  
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae
Indian Scops-OwlOtus bakkamoena
Arabian Scops-OwlOtus pamelae
Eurasian Scops-OwlOtus scops
Pallid Scops-OwlOtus brucei
Oriental Scops-OwlOtus sunia
Socotra Scops-OwlOtus socotranus
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Spotted Eagle-OwlBubo africanus
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Brown Fish-OwlKetupa zeylonensis
Spotted OwletAthene brama
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Desert OwlStrix hadorami
Omani OwlStrix butleri
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Marsh OwlAsio capensis
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
  
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae
Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops
  
BUCEROTIFORMES: Bucerotidae
African Gray HornbillLophoceros nasutus
  
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae
Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Gray-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephala
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis
  
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae
Somali Bee-eaterMerops revoilii
White-throated Bee-eaterMerops albicollis
Green Bee-eaterMerops orientalis
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster
  
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae
European RollerCoracias garrulus
Abyssinian RollerCoracias abyssinicus
Lilac-breasted RollerCoracias caudatus
Rufous-crowned RollerCoracias naevius
Indian RollerCoracias benghalensis
Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurus
  
PICIFORMES: Picidae
Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocoptes medius
Arabian WoodpeckerDendrocoptes dorae
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
White-winged WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucopterus
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus
Sind WoodpeckerDendrocopos assimilis
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDryobates minor
Scaly-bellied WoodpeckerPicus squamatus
Gray-headed WoodpeckerPicus canus
Levaillant’s WoodpeckerPicus vaillantii
Eurasian Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
  
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae
Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-necked FalconFalco chicquera
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinus
Amur FalconFalco amurensis
Eleonora’s FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolor
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Laggar FalconFalco jugger
Saker FalconFalco cherrug
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
  
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae
Alexandrine ParakeetPsittacula eupatria
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameri
Yellow-collared LovebirdAgapornis personatus
  
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae
Monk ParakeetMyiopsitta monachus
Nanday ParakeetAratinga nenday
  
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae
Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
Black-naped OrioleOriolus chinensis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae
Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae
Black DrongoDicrurus macrocercus
Ashy DrongoDicrurus leucophaeus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae
Black-naped MonarchHypothymis azurea
Indian Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone paradisi
African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae
Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatus
Bay-backed ShrikeLanius vittatus
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach
Great Gray ShrikeLanius excubitor
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator
  
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Asir MagpiePica asirensis
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Iranian Ground-JayPodoces pleskei
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactes
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
House CrowCorvus splendens
Cape CrowCorvus capensis
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos
Pied CrowCorvus albus
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Fan-tailed RavenCorvus rhipidurus
Common RavenCorvus corax
  
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Marsh TitPoecile palustris
Caspian TitPoecile hyrcanus
Willow TitPoecile montanus
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Azure TitCyanistes cyanus
Great TitParus major
Cinereous TitParus cinereus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae
Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus
Black-headed Penduline-TitRemiz macronyx
White-crowned Penduline-TitRemiz coronatus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae
Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigriceps
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-LarkEremopterix signatus
Singing BushlarkMirafra cantillans
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Temminck’s LarkEremophila bilopha
Rufous-capped LarkCalandrella eremica
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Hume’s LarkCalandrella acutirostris
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Black LarkMelanocorypha yeltoniensis
Dupont’s LarkChersophilus duponti
Dunn’s LarkEremalauda dunni
Asian Short-toed LarkAlaudala cheleensis
Lesser Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Sand LarkAlaudala raytal
Wood LarkLullula arborea
White-winged LarkAlauda leucoptera
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgula
Thekla’s LarkGalerida theklae
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
  
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae
Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae
Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis
Socotra WarblerIncana incana
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Socotra CisticolaCisticola haesitatus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae
Thick-billed WarblerArundinax aedon
Booted WarblerIduna caligata
Sykes’s WarblerIduna rama
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna opaca
Upcher’s WarblerHippolais languida
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicola
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Blyth’s Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatus
Basra Reed WarblerAcrocephalus griseldis
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Oriental Reed WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis
Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae
Pallas’s Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella certhiola
Lanceolated WarblerLocustella lanceolata
River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi’s WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia
  
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae
Plain MartinRiparia paludicola
Gray-throated MartinRiparia chinensis
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Pale Sand MartinRiparia diluta
Banded MartinRiparia cincta
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Ethiopian SwallowHirundo aethiopica
Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithii
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Lesser Striped SwallowCecropis abyssinica
Streak-throated SwallowPetrochelidon fluvicola
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum
Asian House-MartinDelichon dasypus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae
Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus cafer
Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosus
Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus
White-spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygos
White-eared BulbulPycnonotus leucotis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Eastern Bonelli’s WarblerPhylloscopus orientalis
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
Hume’s WarblerPhylloscopus humei
Brooks’s Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus subviridis
Pallas’s Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus proregulus
Radde’s WarblerPhylloscopus schwarzi
Sulphur-bellied WarblerPhylloscopus griseolus
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatus
Plain Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus neglectus
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus sindianus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericus
Brown Woodland-WarblerPhylloscopus umbrovirens
Green WarblerPhylloscopus nitidus
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides
Large-billed Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus magnirostris
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis
Western Crowned WarblerPhylloscopus occipitalis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae
Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Cetti’s WarblerCettia cetti
  
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae
Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae
Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerSylvia nana
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Yemen WarblerSylvia buryi
Arabian WarblerSylvia leucomelaena
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia crassirostris
Tristram’s WarblerSylvia deserticola
Cyprus WarblerSylvia melanothorax
Menetries’s WarblerSylvia mystacea
Rüppell’s WarblerSylvia ruppeli
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata
Marmora’s WarblerSylvia sarda
Dartford WarblerSylvia undata
  
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae
Abyssinian White-eyeZosterops abyssinicus
Indian White-eyeZosterops palpebrosus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae
Iraq BabblerTurdoides altirostris
Afghan BabblerTurdoides huttoni
Arabian BabblerTurdoides squamiceps
Fulvous ChattererTurdoides fulva
  
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae
GoldcrestRegulus regulus
Common FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla
  
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae
WallcreeperTichodroma muraria
  
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae
Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
Krüper’s NuthatchSitta krueperi
Western Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer
Eastern Rock NuthatchSitta tephronota
  
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae
Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris
Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla
  
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae
Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae
White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Buphagidae
Red-billed OxpeckerBuphagus erythrorynchus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolor
Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinerea
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
Daurian StarlingAgropsar sturninus
Black-collared StarlingGracupica nigricollis
Asian Pied StarlingGracupica contra
Brahminy StarlingSturnia pagodarum
Chestnut-tailed StarlingSturnia malabarica
Common MynaAcridotheres tristis
Bank MynaAcridotheres ginginianus
Vinous-breasted StarlingAcridotheres burmannicus
Javan MynaAcridotheres javanicus
Violet-backed StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogaster
Tristram’s StarlingOnychognathus tristramii
Somali StarlingOnychognathus blythii
Socotra StarlingOnychognathus frater
Superb StarlingLamprotornis superbus
Purple StarlingLamprotornis purpureus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae
White’s ThrushZoothera aurea
Siberian ThrushGeokichla sibirica
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Yemen ThrushTurdus menachensis
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurus
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis
Red-throated ThrushTurdus ruficollis
Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae
Asian Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa dauurica
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Gambaga FlycatcherMuscicapa gambagae
Black Scrub-RobinCercotrichas podobe
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Blue-and-white FlycatcherCyanoptila cyanomelana
Verditer FlycatcherEumyias thalassinus
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Blue Whistling-ThrushMyophonus caeruleus
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurus
Ultramarine FlycatcherFicedula superciliaris
Taiga FlycatcherFicedula albicilla
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Rufous-backed RedstartPhoenicurus erythronotus
Moussier’s RedstartPhoenicurus moussieri
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
White-winged RedstartPhoenicurus erythrogastrus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Little Rock-ThrushMonticola rufocinereus
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
African StonechatSaxicola torquatus
Pied BushchatSaxicola caprata
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Red-breasted WheatearOenanthe bottae
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Heuglin’s WheatearOenanthe heuglini
Hooded WheatearOenanthe monacha
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Cyprus WheatearOenanthe cypriaca
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta
BlackstartOenanthe melanura
Familiar ChatOenanthe familiaris
Variable WheatearOenanthe picata
Black WheatearOenanthe leucura
Hume’s WheatearOenanthe albonigra
White-crowned WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
Arabian WheatearOenanthe lugentoides
Abyssinian WheatearOenanthe lugubris
Finsch’s WheatearOenanthe finschii
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Kurdish WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna
Persian WheatearOenanthe chrysopygia
  
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae
Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Hypocoliidae
HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae
Pygmy SunbirdHedydipna platura
Nile Valley SunbirdHedydipna metallica
Socotra SunbirdChalcomitra balfouri
Palestine SunbirdCinnyris osea
Shining SunbirdCinnyris habessinicus
Purple SunbirdCinnyris asiaticus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae
Lesser Masked-WeaverPloceus intermedius
Southern Masked-WeaverPloceus velatus
Vitelline Masked-WeaverPloceus vitellinus
Rüppell’s WeaverPloceus galbula
Village WeaverPloceus cucullatus
Golden-backed WeaverPloceus jacksoni
Streaked WeaverPloceus manyar
Baya WeaverPloceus philippinus
Black-breasted WeaverPloceus benghalensis
Red-billed QueleaQuelea quelea
Red FodyFoudia madagascariensis
Southern Red BishopEuplectes orix
Yellow-crowned BishopEuplectes afer
  
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae
Lavender WaxbillEstrilda coerulescens
Arabian WaxbillEstrilda rufibarba
Green-winged PytiliaPytilia melba
Zebra WaxbillSporaeginthus subflavus
Red AvadavatAmandava amandava
Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolor
Indian SilverbillEuodice malabarica
African SilverbillEuodice cantans
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulata
  
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae
Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macroura
  
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae
Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Siberian AccentorPrunella montanella
Radde’s AccentorPrunella ocularis
Yemen AccentorPrunella fagani
Black-throated AccentorPrunella atrogularis
DunnockPrunella modularis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae
Saxaul SparrowPasser ammodendri
House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Sind SparrowPasser pyrrhonotus
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticus
Abd al Kuri SparrowPasser hemileucus
Socotra SparrowPasser insularis
Zarudny’s SparrowPasser zarudnyi
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Sudan Golden SparrowPasser luteus
Arabian Golden SparrowPasser euchlorus
Yellow-throated SparrowGymnoris xanthocollis
Sahel Bush SparrowGymnoris dentata
Rock SparrowPetronia petronia
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae
Forest WagtailDendronanthus indicus
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Eastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimp
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard’s PipitAnthus richardi
Paddyfield PipitAnthus rufulus
African PipitAnthus cinnamomeus
Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
Blyth’s PipitAnthus godlewskii
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Buffy PipitAnthus vaalensis
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoni
Pechora PipitAnthus gustavi
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
American PipitAnthus rubescens
Golden PipitTmetothylacus tenellus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae
Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
White-winged GrosbeakMycerobas carnipes
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
Sinai RosefinchCarpodacus synoicus
Great RosefinchCarpodacus rubicilla
Long-tailed RosefinchCarpodacus sibiricus
Red-fronted RosefinchCarpodacus puniceus
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguineus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Mongolian FinchBucanetes mongolicus
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
Arabian GrosbeakRhynchostruthus percivali
Socotra GrosbeakRhynchostruthus socotranus
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Olive-rumped SerinCrithagra rothschildi
Yemen SerinCrithagra menachensis
TwiteLinaria flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetLinaria cannabina
Yemen LinnetLinaria yemenensis
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaret
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European SerinSerinus serinus
Fire-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
Syrian SerinSerinus syriacus
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae
Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Red-headed BuntingEmberiza bruniceps
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
White-capped BuntingEmberiza stewarti
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Gray-necked BuntingEmberiza buchanani
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineracea
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cretzschmar’s BuntingEmberiza caesia
Socotra BuntingEmberiza socotrana
Cinnamon-breasted BuntingEmberiza tahapisi
Striolated BuntingEmberiza striolata
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureola
Little BuntingEmberiza pusilla
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rustica
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