Birds of Cyprus

Birding in Cyprus

Cyprus is on a north-south migration route and there are many birds in transit, some in vast flocks, some in small clusters.

These migrating birds may only rest for a few days to a week. March to May is the period of northward migration and August to October the southward.

The Birds

The birds that occur regularly on passage form a large percentage of the Cyprus list that totals over 400 species. Of these, only around 60 species are resident and around 40 are migrant breeders who regularly or occasionally breed in Cyprus. 

The number of birds stopping over during the spring and autumn migration is impressive as literally millions pass through the island.

Cyprus has two endemic species, the Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca and the Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax.

Important Geolocation

The position of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean with Turkey to the north, Syria to the east and Egypt to the south, places it on one of the major migration routes across the Mediterranean and makes it a key stop off point for many species which travel between breeding grounds in Europe/Asia and wintering areas in Africa/Middle East in spring and autumn.

The birds that occur regularly on passage form a large percentage of the Cyprus ‘list’ that totals around 400 species. Of these, only around 60 species are resident and around 30 are migrant breeders who regularly or occasionally breed.

This is why it’s the perfect vacation resort for the birding enthusiast. Just plan your trip, feed your cardinals and pack you superzoom camera.

The Full List of Bird Species in Cyprus

Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephala
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Brent GooseBranta bernicla
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollis
Greylag GooseAnser anser
Bean GooseAnser fabalis
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropus
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiaca
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostris
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyroca
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
  
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae 
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Chukar PartridgeAlectoris chukar
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicus
  
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae 
Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoeniconaias minor
  
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae 
Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritus
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis
  
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae 
Rock DoveColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Wood PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle DoveStreptopelia turtur
Oriental Turtle DoveStreptopelia orientalis
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensis
  
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae 
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
  
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae 
European NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
  
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae 
Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
Little SwiftApus affinis
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Common SwiftApus apus
  
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae 
Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Diederick CuckooChrysococcyx caprius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
  
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae 
Western Water RailRallus aquaticus
CorncrakeCrex crex
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Baillon’s CrakeZapornia pusilla
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Allen’s GallinulePorphyrio alleni
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Common CootFulica atra
  
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae 
Demoiselle CraneGrus virgo
Common CraneGrus grus
  
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae 
Little BustardTetrax tetrax
Great BustardOtis tarda
Macqueen’s BustardChlamydotis macqueenii
  
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae 
Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Black-throated DiverGavia arctica
  
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae 
European Storm-petrelHydrobates pelagicus
  
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae 
Scopoli’s ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Yelkouan ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouan
  
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae 
Black StorkCiconia nigra
European White StorkCiconia ciconia
  
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae 
Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispus
  
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae 
Eurasian BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Striated HeronButorides striata
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef EgretEgretta gularis
  
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae 
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
  
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae 
Northern GannetMorus bassanus
  
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae 
Pygmy CormorantMicrocarbo pygmaeus
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae 
Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae 
Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae 
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae 
Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Eurasian Golden PloverPluvialis apricaria
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Kittlitz’s PloverCharadrius pecuarius
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregarius
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae 
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostris
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck’s StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird’s SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Little StintCalidris minuta
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Great SnipeGallinago media
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae 
Cream-coloured CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanni
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae 
Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus
  
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae 
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Franklin’s GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Audouin’s GullIchthyaetus audouinii
White-eyed GullIchthyaetus leucophthalmus
Pallas’s GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Mew GullLarus canus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
  
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae 
OspreyPandion haliaetus
  
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae 
Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
European Honey BuzzardPernis apivorus
Oriental Honey BuzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Griffon VultureGyps fulvus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clanga
Eastern Imperial EagleAquila heliaca
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli’s EagleAquila fasciata
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourus
Montagu’s HarrierCircus pygargus
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
White-tailed Sea EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Eurasian BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
  
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae 
Common Barn OwlTyto alba
  
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae 
Little OwlAthene noctua
Eurasian Scops OwlOtus scops
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
  
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae 
Common HoopoeUpupa epops
  
PICIFORMES: Picidae 
Northern WryneckJynx torquilla
  
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae 
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster
  
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae 
European RollerCoracias garrulus
  
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae 
Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
  
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae 
Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinus
Amur FalconFalco amurensis
Eleonora’s FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolor
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrug
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae 
Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae 
Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Turkestan ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Lesser Grey ShrikeLanius minor
Great Grey ShrikeLanius excubitor
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae 
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Common RavenCorvus corax
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
House CrowCorvus splendens
  
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae 
DunnockPrunella modularis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae 
House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Afghan SparrowPasser yatii
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Pale Rock SparrowCarpospiza brachydactyla
Eurasian Rock SparrowPetronia petronia
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae 
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoni
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
American PipitAnthus rubescens
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
Richard’s PipitAnthus richardi
Blyth’s PipitAnthus godlewskii
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
White WagtailMotacilla alba
  
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae 
Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Common RosefinchErythrina erythrina
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguineus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Common LinnetLinaria cannabina
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European SerinSerinus serinus
Red-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae 
Striated BuntingFringillaria striolata
Black-headed BuntingGranativora melanocephala
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Grey-necked BuntingEmberiza buchanani
Cretzschmar’s BuntingEmberiza caesia
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineracea
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Eurasian Reed BuntingSchoeniclus schoeniclus
Rustic BuntingSchoeniclus rusticus
Little BuntingSchoeniclus pusillus
Yellow-breasted BuntingSchoeniclus aureolus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae 
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Great TitParus major
  
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae 
European Penduline TitRemiz pendulinus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae 
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
DuPont’s LarkChersophilus duponti
Dunn’s LarkEremalauda dunni
Lesser Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Temminck’s LarkEremophila bilopha
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
  
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae 
Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae 
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis
  
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae 
Savi’s WarblerLocustella luscinioides
River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevia
  
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae 
Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Upcher’s WarblerHippolais languida
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicola
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Blyth’s Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Basra Reed WarblerAcrocephalus griseldis
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae 
Northern House MartinDelichon urbicum
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Eurasian Crag MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Plain MartinRiparia paludicola
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
  
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae 
Eastern Bonelli’s WarblerRhadina orientalis
Wood WarblerRhadina sibilatrix
Yellow-browed WarblerAbrornis inornatus
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatus
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus lorenzii
  
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae 
Cetti’s WarblerCettia cetti
  
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae 
Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerCurruca nana
Barred WarblerCurruca nisoria
Eastern Orphean WarblerCurruca crassirostris
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca curruca
Cyprus WarblerCurruca melanothorax
Ménétries’s WarblerCurruca mystacea
Rüppell’s WarblerCurruca ruppeli
Eastern Subalpine WarblerCurruca cantillans
Sardinian WarblerCurruca melanocephala
Common WhitethroatCurruca communis
Spectacled WarblerCurruca conspicillata
  
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae 
GoldcrestRegulus regulus
Eurasian FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla
  
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae 
Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Hypocoliidae 
Grey HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae 
Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla
  
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae 
WallcreeperTichodroma muraria
  
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae 
Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes
  
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae 
Common StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae 
White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus
  
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae 
Rufous Scrub RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated IraniaIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurus
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Semi-collared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Common Rock ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Eastern StonechatSaxicola maurus
Pied Bush ChatSaxicola caprata
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Hooded WheatearOenanthe monacha
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Cyprus WheatearOenanthe cypriaca
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
White-crowned WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
Finsch’s WheatearOenanthe finschii
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Kurdish WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna
  
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae 
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomus
Scroll to Top